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Scleroderma

What is Scleroderma

Scleroderma, more commonly known as systematic sclerosis, is an autoimmune disease that primarily affects the skin. It is commonly characterised by the hardening of patches of skin. It is not contagious, infectious or cancerous. It can be categorised into 2 specific group – limited or diffused.

  • Limited Scleroderma

    This form of sclerosis mainly affects the face, hands, fingers, arms and legs. The sclerosis is localised and is often contained to several patches of hardened and dry skin around specific areas of the body.
  • Diffuse Scleroderma

    The presence of hardened dry skin is widespread throughout the body. It can affect any part of the body and it is not contained to a specific area of the body. It could also affect major internal organs such as the heart, lungs, liver, kidney and even the blood vessels and nervous system.
  • Listed below are the signs and symptoms of scleroderma:

  • Patches of dry and hardened skin

    It could be confined to a specific area of the body, like in limited scleroderma, or it could be widespread throughout the body, like diffused scleroderma.
  • Sclerodactyly

    It is known as the thickening of the skin on the fingers, resulting in them being difficult to straighten or bend.
  • Calcinosis

    It is whereby small white calcium lumps are deposited under the skin. They could break through the skin surface occasionally and result in a milky white discharge.
  • Raynaud’s Phenomenon

    It characterised by seeing blue fingers or toes due to the decreased blood flow to these areas in response to emotional stress or cold temperatures.
  • Digestive Problems

    It is evident in the loss of appetite. It could lead to acid reflux or constipation.
  • Muscular Problems
  • Heart Problems
  • Kidney Problems
  • Our Services

    There are more than 100 different types of rheumatic disorders. Our team works together to diagnose and treat the full spectrum of these disorders, including autoimmune diseases, such as lupus, rheumatoid osteoarthritis and psoriatic osteoarthritis, as well as other forms of osteoarthritis, such as osteoosteoarthritis, gout and osteoarthritis. Treatments for the various conditions may include lifestyle changes, medication and surgery. A/Prof Leong will tailor each treatment plan to effectively manage the condition in each patient.

    Click on each service to find out more

    About Our Arthritis Specialist

    A/Prof Leong Keng Hong is a senior consultant rheumatologist at Gleneagles Medical Centre and an Adjunct Associate Professor at Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine at the National University of Singapore. He is the founder of the Osteoporosis Society (Singapore) (OSS), established in 1996, and served as its President until 2004. He also served as the Inaugural Chairman of the Chapter of Rheumatologists in the Academy of Medicine, Singapore from 2004-2007 and was delegated as Chairman until 2013.

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