Osteoporosis is a progressive bone condition that is characterised by the decrease in bone mass and bone density, resulting in bones that are weak and brittle. This could result in a person being more prone to fractures or bone breakage. The World Health Organisation defines osteoporosis as a medical condition whereby bone mineral density is 2.5 standard deviations or more below the mean peak bone mass.

Osteoporosis occurs because the rate of bone loss exceeds the rate of bone replacement. Listed below are some of the risk factors.

  • Sex
    Females tend to have a higher tendency to develop osteoporosis, especially after menopause due to the decrease in production of oestrogen, a female sex hormone that is responsible for the protection of bones in females.
  • Race
    Research all over the world shows that Asians and Europeans have a higher tendency to develop osteoporosis.
  • Excess alcohol consumption
    A high consumption of alcohol results in increased risks of fractures developing
  • Vitamin D deficiency
    Vitamin D deficiency results in the increased production of PTH production which is responsible for bone resorption. This results in an increase in bone loss.
  • Malnutrition
    Essential vitamins such as vitamin A, K, E and C are important vitamins. Moreover, calcium, zinc and iron are essential in bone production. The lack of such crucial vitamins in the diet could result in the development of osteoporosis.
  • Exercise
    Endurance training that places high stress on the bone could result in the weakening of the bones, hence making it more susceptible to fractures.
Osteoporosis screening

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is considered as the best method for the detection of osteoporosis. At our clinic we offer this cutting edge technology to accurately analyse and diagnose osteoporosis and the scan takes less than 15 minutes to perform. A person will be diagnosed with osteoporosis when the bone mineral density (BMD) is less than or equal to 2.5 standard deviations below that of a young and healthy 30-40 year old.

Osteoporosis treatment

A healthcare professional would employ 2 methods in the treatment of osteoporosis.

  • Anti-resorptive
    In this method, medication is prescribed that slows down the rate of bone resorption, which slows down the rate of bone loss. Such drugs include HRT, SERMs, bisphosphonates and calcitonin.
  • Anabolic
    The other method would employ the increase of bone production. Medication prescribed would increase the rate of bone formation and lower the risk of fracturing bones. Professional doctors could prescribe parathyroid hormone injections.
Preventing osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is definitely a disease in which you can prevent it from developing. One needs just need to follow the guidelines given below to ensure strong, healthy and happy bones.
  • Take sufficient essential vitamins
    Vitamin D and calcium is essential in bone formation. A recommended intake by the Singapore Health Promotion Board is 800mg/day. Foods rich in calcium include milk and cheese.
  • Regular exercise
    An active lifestyle is the key to building stronger and healthier bones. You have only one set of bones to last you through your entire lifetime so start taking care of it now. Start exercising today/
  • Avoid smoking and excessive consumption of alcohol
    Cigarette smoke and the high consumption of alcohol leads to an increased rate of bone loss.
  • Reduce caffeine consumption
    Caffeine reduces calcium absorption rate in the human body. Hence, cut down on coffee, tea and even sweet carbonated drinks that contain caffeine.
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Leong Keng Hong Arthritis and Medical Clinic
6 Napier Road #04-18
Gleneagles Medical Centre
Singapore 258499

Tel: (65) 6472 4337
Fax: (65) 6472 0691
Email: info@leongkenghong.com
Operating Hours:

Monday to Saturday: 9 am to 12.30pm
Monday to Friday: 2.30pm to 4.30pm
Close on Sunday & PH
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