Systematic lupus erythematosus (SLE), also commonly known as lupus, is an autoimmune disease whereby the immune system starts attacking and destroying healthy, normal and functional cells. For this particular sickness, it attacks connective tissues and it most commonly affects the heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, nervous system and joints.

SLE is known as one of the “great imitators” because it often mimics and it commonly mistaken for other diseases due to the myriad of signs and symptoms. Moreover, different signs and symptoms might express itself at different stages and development of this medical condition. Listed below are some of the signs and symptoms. Do note that not all the signs and symptoms might be present in a particular patient.

  • Butterfly rash, whereby patches of red and dry skin develops on the cheeks of the patient
  • Hair loss
  • Pain in the joints
  • Lung inflammation
  • Headaches
  • Seizures

Listed below are some of the risk factors for developing lupus.

  • Genetic factors
    Research shows that SLE has a genetic link. However it does not run in families. The development of lupus has to be attributed to presence of mutations in multiple genes and not just a single gene alone. However, research studies are still being conducted for a better understanding of this medical condition.
  • Drug-related factors
    Some drugs are related in the development of lupus. However this drug induced lupus condition is reversible when the medication stops.
There is no cure for lupus. One form of treatment is suppressing your immune system. However it only leads to one being more susceptible to other viruses and sicknesses. Another form of treatment is to deal directly with the signs and symptoms and using medication to ease the pain that might present itself.
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Leong Keng Hong Arthritis and Medical Clinic
6 Napier Road #04-18
Gleneagles Medical Centre
Singapore 258499

Tel: (65) 6472 4337
Fax: (65) 6472 0691
Operating Hours:

Monday to Saturday: 9 am to 12.30pm
Monday to Friday: 2.30pm to 4.30pm
Close on Sunday & PH
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